Mobile Application Development

Mobile Application Development is the process of building and developing software and application programs for mobile phones and smart gadgets. These application and software programs are either installed already during the mobile device’s manufacturing or bought from software providers for mobile phones and then installed in the phone, or downloaded directly to the mobile phone through its web browser (via its HTTP functionality that uses client- and server-side processing). But since this is a very broad topic, this article will help you familiarize yourself with what mobile application development is all about.

Software and application programs for mobile phones are being designed, built and developed to run on the most well-known mobile device platforms and environments today. These are the Android OS, the Blackberry OS, the HP webOS, Windows Mobile, the Symbian OS and the Apple iOS. These execution environments only support the codes and binaries that correspond to its operating system. But what is common among most mobile phones is that they use ARM processors. Through the commonly used ARM Architecture, the codes and binaries of the mobile app are executed in machine format for reading by the device’s processor. Development of mobile apps though, still have to be done using tools for specific mobile operating systems.

As a developer, it is always a must to determine and do an analysis of what platforms or environments to use for the development of mobile phone applications and programs. Doing mobile software development gives the programmer exposure to the tools of the trade, enabling him to write the code faster, test it, and later on deploy the mobile app for certain mobile phones and their operating systems. Some of the known development environments for mobile application development include the following: Adobe AIR, Android, Application Craft, Aqua, Battery Tech, Blackberry, Canappi, CloudPact, Corona SDK, iOS SDK, Java ME, Macromedia Flash Lite, Meme IDE,.NET Framework, Symbian, Windows Mobile, and the webOS.

After every development phase, the built and developed modules of the mobile application must undergo a series of tests to determine whether it functions according to the requirements set to it or not. The project team must assign one of its members to perform the testing and functionality checks. For mobile application development, here are the mobile application test environments that can be used for the Android, iPhone and Blackberry operating systems:

  1. Google Android Emulator
  2. Official Android SDK Emulator
  3. MobiOne
  4. iPhoney; and
  5. Blackberry Stimulator.

Other tools include FoneMonkey, Robotium, Sikuli and MITE.

These are the things to keep in mind when setting out to develop software applications and programs for mobile phones and smart gadgets. It is quite difficult and time-consuming to undertake a project of developing mobile applications since there are a lot of requirements to consider and a lot of time is needed for analyses, the concurrent development of different modules, and its integration into one fully-functioning application, and the testing phase that should be carried out meticulously. Mobile application software development is similar to system software development for computers, and web applications, and web site development – the product of the project undergoes the phases of the system development life cycle (SDLC). Therefore, the only difference is the development environments and the operating systems where the mobile applications are going to be deployed.

Smartphones And Android Development Go Hand In Hand

Why Android development?

Android is a very powerful mobile operating technique, created by Google and carters especially to smartphone mobile handsets. It is a great OS for all developers as it makes the work simple, easy and uncomplicated. Therefore, android apps developers gets to design and manufacture mobile applications at cheap prices. You will also find an Android Software Development Kit (SDK), which is the basic kit to help every Android app developer get started.

What are the services offered in Android development?

There are many companies online that offer you a plethora of Android development services. All you need to do is search for them on the web to see what their rates are and what their services are. Some of them are given below –

1. Android Application Development
2. Android Game Development
3. Android Software Development
4. Android Website Development
5. Android Tablet Application Development and many more

There are several advantages of using Google android applications such as it offers a wide selection for sound, video, documents, photos, GPS navigation, video camera, touch screen, high clarity display screen and many more.

Android offers you simple methods for designing, production, testing, format changing, and coding, all this makes it easy for an Android developer to attain new heights in the field of Android Development. Making efficiency and quality their key goals.

There are a plethora of options in the Android field. If you want to be an android application developer, there are plenty of options for you. There are already many android applications in the market, and the field is on the rise. If you want a career in Android Application Development or Android Eclipse Development, you can easily get it. Android apps development is a set of core applications, and all these applications are written with Java. In a nutshell Android can be explained as follows – A free, open source mobile platform, which is not just limited to phones. It can be used in a DVR, or even in an mp3 player.

Some of the features of Android Application development include:

1. Application framework

2. GSM Telephony

a) Camera
b) Accelerometer
c) Rich development environment
d) Optimized graphics
e) Bluetooth
f) 3G
g) WiFi
h) Integrated browser

The use of Smartphone on android applications has increase greatly over the years. Mobile companies such as HTC, Samsung, LG, Motorola, and other handsets make full use of Android. These mobile companies are developing new applications using Droid Eclipse Development which are most suitable to its users. There are several companies that will help you develop your android application. They will give you customized solutions that will provide you with the best applications. All you need to do is contact them and tell them your idea behind the mobile application. Android games are also extremely popular, everyone with an android phone will know exactly how interesting and addictive android phones are, especially the games.

This is a big reason why Android Game Developers are also very much in demand in the Android application development field. There are openings in all segments designing, testing, debugging, developing tools for the applications, publishing and distribution. All these are segments of the android development platform where it is easy to get placements.

The reason for the increase in android phones and development phase is because it has all features that a Smartphone needs. Be it a student, businessman or a housewife, there is something to keep everyone entertained.

Top 5 Android Development Tools

Android operating system has been designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet computers.

Developed Initially by Android, Inc., backed financially by Google (later bought by Google in 2005), Android was unveiled in 2007 along with the founding of the Open Handset Alliance ( a consortium of hardware, software, and telecommunication companies devoted to advancing open standards for mobile devices).

Android is the buzz word in technology today with a market share of 42% across various devices worldwide. Android apps are open source unlike their competitors like iOS and Blackberry. The tools needed for their development are free and there is no need for purchase of a special developer phone or register your hardware as a development device.

Here are the Top5 Android Development tools currently trending in the market

  • Android SDK
  • Native Development Kit(NDK)
  • Titanium Mobile SDK
  • Hyper Next Android Creator
  • ADOBE AIR

1. Android SDK:

The Android Software Development Kit (SDK) provides you with the API libraries and developer tools necessary to build, test, and debug apps for Android. It is one of the most popular SDK used for Android.

Aspiring New Android developers can download the ADT Bundle to quickly start developing apps. It includes the essential Android SDK components and a version of the Eclipse IDE with built-in ADT (Android Developer Tools) to streamline your Android app development. These are some of the important components in ADT Bundle

  • Eclipse + ADT plugin
  • Android SDK Tools
  • Android Platform-tools
  • Current Version of the Android platform
  • Current Version of the Android system image for the emulatorMore

2. Native Development Kit(NDK):

The NDK is a toolset that allows android developers to implement parts of their app using native-code languages such as C and C++.NDK can be proved to be a lot of help for the developers as they can reuse existing code libraries written in these languages.

The most important point to be considered here is that NDK will not benefit most apps. Developer needs to balance its gains over draw-backs, as the native code may not always increase the performance, but generally increases the complexity. Prefer NDK only if it is essential to your app, never because you simply prefer to program in C/C++.

3. Titanium Mobile SDK:

The Titanium SDK provides community developers with an unmatched ability to create quality native, mobile web or rich hybrid applications to all platforms from a single code base, using JavaScript. With over 5,000 APIs, Titanium allows you to deliver an immersive user experience at a fraction of the time compared with traditional native platforms.

Although the Titanium suffers with some disadvantages like flexibility limitations, User Experience issues and complexity issues, Titanium still stands in the first place for Android and other cross platform apps development

4. Hyper Next Android Creator:

HyperNext Android Creator (HAC) is an easy to use software creation system that allows almost anyone to quickly start building their own Android apps that work. Apps developed on HAC enjoys good support on a wide range of devices.

HAC operation is based on HyperCard, which treats software as a stack of cards, where only one card is visible at a time and hence is quite well suited for mobile phone applications which allow single window operation.

The programming language used in HAC is “HyperNext” is much more similar to English, making it user friendly to learn and implement.

5. ADOBE AIR:

The Adobe® AIR® runtime enables developers to package the same code into native apps for iPhone, iPad, Kindle Fire, Nook Tablet, and other Android™ devices, reaching the mobile app stores for over 500 million devices.Running on Action Script,HTML,CSS AIR allows users mostly to develop cross platform mobile apps saving the time and minimising the development cost.

Along with these Tools there are some other tools like PhoneGap, BatteryTech SDK that should not be missed out.